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Improved cultural practices for button mushroom
New cultural practices with ability to enhance the overall mushroom yield of mushroom have been developed at the Centre which includes:
    Mixing of Phosphotika (PSB), biofertilizer in ready to spawn compost @ 0.5% at the time of spawning.  This practice restricts the competitor moulds infection in compost, helps in early spawn run and enhances mushroom yield by 20-25% over control.
    Spray treatment of rooting hormone (Veradix-2):  This technique is very cheap and helps in enhancing mushroom yield from 20-30% with major yield during first two weeks of cropping.  The mushroom beds at the time of pinhead initiation have to be sprayed with 0.1% solution of Veradix-2 (Indole butynic acid commercial formulation) of 1st, 2nd and 3rd flush.  The practice also helps in shortening the time period required for first harvest and total cropping cycle.
    Mixing of bacterial inoculants in casing material and conditioning of pasteurized casing material:  As it has been sited at many places that the casing soil inhabiting microbes exert their effect on mushroom fruiting.  Taking a clue from this we have identified two bacteria, Alcaligenes faecalis and Bacillus megatenum with their ability to enhance button mushroom yield on inoculating them @ 0.1% v/v (108 cell/ml) at the time of casing.  This practice helps in obtaining higher yield of 20-30% of button mushroom.  Similarly, conditioning of FYM and foirpith FYM or coirpith + SMS based pasteurized casing materials at 45-52oC for 12 housrs help in obtaining higher yield of button mushroom.





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Last Update : Thursday, June 6, 2024