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CROP ADVISORY
किसान कॉल सेंटर : 18001801551

 भारत सरकार द्वारा किसान भाईयों के लिए एक राष्ट्रीय हेल्पलाइन नंबर जारी किया गया है जिस पर बिना खर्चे के देश के किसी भी कोने से किसान भाई फसल व कृषि से सम्बंधित कोई भी जानकारी प्राप्त कर सकते है यह हेल्पलाइन नंबर 1800 180 1551 है .

    CROP ADVISORY February 2023

  • Temperature may rise beyond 18°C after mid of February hence try to maintain it below 18°C by frequent spraying of water on floor and side walls of growing rooms during fruiting of button mushroom.
  • Maintain less than 1000 ppm CO2 level inside the cropping rooms of button mushroom during fruiting.
  • Maintain proper hygienic conditions in and around growing rooms/mushroom house.
  • Collect wet bubble infected mushrooms, if any, dip in 2% formalin solution and dispose them in a covered pit away from the mushroom house. Cover the infected areas with common salt.
  • Spray Decis @ 0.02% or Dicofol @ 0.01% on walls of cropping room if flies or mites infection is there in the cropping rooms.
  • Use physical means like yellow light trap/fly catcher if flies are visible.
  • Book oyster mushroom spawn.
  • Dispose off the used compost bags as soon as the crop is over after spraying with 2% formalin if infection of wet bubble/yellow mould is there.
  • CROP ADVISORY January 2023

  • Maintain 16-18°C temperature during fruiting in button mushroom growing beds / bags.
  • Give proper ventilation in the cropping rooms to maintain 800-1200 ppm of CO2 during fruiting/pinhead formation and maintain
  • relative humidity of 80-85% in growing rooms for harvesting quality button mushrooms.
  • Ensure proper hygienic conditions in and around growing rooms and spray chlorothalonil @ 0.1% if some mould infection is there.
  • Spray Decis @ 0.02% on walls if flies are visible.
  • If wet bubble infected mushrooms are visible, collect them at an early stage, dip in 2% formalin solution and dispose off them in a covered pit away from the mushroom house and cover the infected area with common salt.
  • CROP ADVISORY DECEMBER 2022

  • Use thiophanate methyl 50 ppm + formalin 500 ppm for substrate sterilization for Oyster Mushroom.
  • Spray Decis @ 0.1% if infection of flies is there on walls and surrounding areas.
  • Maintain 16-18ºC and 23-24ºC temperature during fruiting and spawn run, respectively and 80-85% RH inside the growing rooms of button mushroom.
  • Give ventilation in the cropping rooms to maintain 1000-1500 ppm CO2 during fruiting / pinhead formation.
  • Maintain hygienic conditions in and around growing rooms.
  • CROP ADVISORY NOVEMBER 2022

  • Get compost samples analysed for moisture, pH and presence of ammonia, if any, before spawning.
  • Maintain proper temperature, humidity and CO2  level inside the growing rooms of button mushroom.
  • Provide proper ventilation in the cropping rooms during fruiting initiation and cropping stages.
  • Maintain proper hygienic conditions in and around mushroom growing rooms.
  • If additional space is available one crop of oyster mushroom can be taken.  
  • CROP ADVISORY OCTOBER 2022

  • Check the compost quality parameters viz. pH, moisture and ammonia, if within permissible limits then spawn the compost.
  • Maintain the requisite temperature (22-25°C) and RH (80-85%) in the cropping rooms for spawn run of button mushroom.
  • Keep the doors and windows closed to enhance CO2 level (5000 to 10,000 ppm).
  • Case the beds with pasteurized casing soil and maintain requisite temperature (22-25°C) and RH (80-85%) for next 7-8 days.
  • If rooms are available one crop of oyster mushroom can also be taken.
  • CROP ADVISORY SEPTEMBER 2022

  • Spray less water on the beds of oyster and milky mushrooms, as the humidity in the air is high.
  • Maintain 25-30ºC temperature in the Oyster Mushroom cropping rooms.
  • Spray Malathion 0.01% and Chlorothalonil on surfaces @ 0.05% at weekly intervals for the control of insects and moulds, respectively.
  • If additional huts / rooms are available – prepare for one more crop of Oyster Mushroom.
  • Construct huts for white button mushroom.
  • Collect raw materials for compost production and start wetting in the last week of September.
  • Book spawn for white button mushroom crop. 
  • CROP ADVISORY AUGUST 2022

  • Spray less water on the beds of oyster and milky mushrooms as the humidity is high in the atmosphere. Provide sufficient aeration in Oyster mushroom crop.
  • Lower down the temperature in the oyster mushroom hut if it is higher than 30°C.
  • Put UV fly catcher at a height of 5 ft. for the management of mushroom flies in the cropping rooms.
  • Spray Malathion @ 0.01% on walls of mushroom house and Chlorothalonil @ 0.05% in and around mushroom house at weekly intervals for the control of insects and moulds.
  • If additional huts / rooms are available – prepare for one more crop of oyster and milky mushroom.
  • Keep hygiene in and around mushroom growing area. Clean the racks and mushroom growing room after termination of the crop and treat with 2% formalin solution. Keep the doors and windows closed for 24 hours after formalin treatment.
  • CROP ADVISORY July 2022

  • Construct new huts for the cultivation of oyster and milky mushrooms.
  • Spawning has to be done for high temperature Oyster mushroom species and milky mushroom.
  • Maintain requisite temperature i.e. 30-35°C for Milky and 25-30°C for Oyster mushroom  and relative humidity i.e. 85-90% in the cropping room for better crop.
  • Prepare casing soil for milky mushroom, if spawn run is complete, apply casing on spawn run bags.
  • Punch 2 mm dia holes uniformly all-round the spawn run bags of oyster mushroom and start ventilation for fruiting.  Temperature 25-30°C and 85-90% RH should be maintained at this stage.
  • It is an optimum season for cultivation of paddy straw mushroom (temperature  30-35ºC & RH 85-90%), hence, all operations, i.e, bed preparation / spawning, spawn run and good fruiting are feasible during this period.
  • CROP ADVISORY June 2022

  • Maintain proper humidity (85-90%) and temperature (22-25°C) in the growing rooms if still cultivating Oyster mushroom.
  • Spray chlorothalonil (0.05%) in the growing rooms of oyster mushroom, and Dichlorvos (0.01%) for the control of competitor molds and flies, respectively.
  • If oyster mushroom crop is terminating during this month, then clean the rooms, spray 2% formaldehyde and keep the rooms closed for 1-2 days.  Milky mushroom can now be cultivated in these rooms.
  • If milky mushroom is cultivated, try to keep the air temperature between 25-30°C for proper spawn run.
  • Apply casing to the milky mushroom bags if spawn run is complete.
  • Spray water judiciously on floor, walls and on beds to maintain 85-90% RH, otherwise pinhead of milky mushroom will die.
  • In coastal regions, second crop of paddy straw mushroom can be initiated.
  • CROP ADVISORY May 2022

  • Maintain proper humidity (85-90%) and temperature (22-25°C) in the growing rooms if still cultivating Oyster mushroom.
  • Spray chlorothalonil (0.05%) in the growing rooms of oyster mushroom, and Dichlorvos (0.01%) for the control of competitor molds and flies, respectively.
  • If oyster mushroom crop is terminating during this month, then clean the rooms, spray 2% formaldehyde and keep the rooms closed for 1-2 days.  Milky mushroom can now be cultivated in these rooms.
  • If milky mushroom is cultivated, try to keep the air temperature between 25-30°C for proper spawn run.
  • Apply casing to the milky mushroom bags if spawn run is complete.
  • Spray water judiciously on floor, walls and on beds to maintain 85-90% RH, otherwise pinhead of milky mushroom will die.
  • In coastal regions, second crop of paddy straw mushroom can be initiated.
  • CROP ADVISORY April 2022

  • Maintain 85-90% relative humidity in the growing rooms during the cultivation of oyster mushroom.
  • Always harvest mushroom before water spray. Provide ventilation after spray of water in oyster crop to avoid bacterial blotch.
  • Maintain room temperature as per the specific requirement of oyster mushroom species.
  • Spray Chlorothalonil (0.05%) and Deltamethrin (0.01) for the control of competitors and flies respectively in oyster mushroom house.
  • If oyster mushroom crop is terminating in this month, then clean the rooms, spray 2% formaldehyde and keep the rooms closed for 1-2 days.  Milky mushroom can now be cultivated in these rooms.
  • Milky mushroom: keep the temperature between 25-30°C for proper spawn run.
  • In coastal regions, it is the right time to cultivate paddy straw mushroom.
  • CROP ADVISORY March 2022

  • If button mushroom crop is still being produced in seasonal farms, maintain air temperature upto 18°C with 85-90% relative humidity.
  • Thoroughly treat the spent mushroom compost of button mushroom with 2% formaldehyde, close all the doors / vents, etc.
    for 2-3 days and dispose-off far away from the cropping room if the crop was infected with wet bubble/ yellow mould or other competitors.
  • Clean the floor of the cropping rooms and the racks with soap water before using for the next crop.
  • Make preparations for taking oyster mushroom crop following standard procedure – bags to be kept for spawn run at 25±2ºC.
  • Open the bags after 15-20 days of spawn run.  Maintain a temperature range of 22-28°C with 85-90% RH for fruiting.  It will depend upon the species to be grown.
  •  

 
 
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Last Update : Wednesday, February 1, 2023