Google Translator
topbanner1.png ICAR Website DMR Website ICAR Website DMR Website
Untitled
  • DMR Home
  • About US
  • About Research
  • Recent Publications
  • Extension|Trainings
  • For Farmers
  • WebMail
  • Tenders
  • Contact
  • ?????
CROP ADVISORY
किसान कॉल सेंटर : 18001801551
 भारत सरकार द्वारा किसान भाईयों के लिए एक राष्ट्रीय हेल्पलाइन नंबर जारी किया गया है जिस पर बिना खर्चे के देश के किसी भी कोने से किसान भाई फसल व कृषि से सम्बंधित कोई भी जानकारी प्राप्त कर सकते है यह हेल्पलाइन नंबर 1800 180 1551 है .

    CROP ADVISORY NOVEMBER 2021

  • Get your compost samples analysed for moisture, pH and presence of ammonia, if any, before spawning.
  • Maintain proper temperature, humidity and CO2  level inside the growing rooms of button mushroom.
  • Provide proper ventilation in the cropping rooms during fruiting initiation and cropping stages.
  • Spray Chlorothalonil @ 0.05% if any growth of competitor mould is visible on mushroom beds.
  • Maintain proper hygienic conditions in and around mushroom growing rooms.
  • CROP ADVISORY OCTOBER 2021

  • Check the compost quality parameters viz. pH, moisture and ammonia, if within permissible limits then spawn the compost.
  • Maintain the requisite temperature (22-25C) and RH (80-85%) in the cropping rooms for spawn run of button mushroom.
  • Keep the doors and windows closed for high CO2 level (5000 to 10,000 ppm).
  • Case the beds with pasteurized casing soil and maintain requisite temperature (22-25C) and RH (80-85%) for next 7-8 days.
  • If rooms are available one crop of oyster mushroom can also be taken.
  • CROP ADVISORY SEPTEMBER 2021

  • Spray less water on the beds of oyster and milky mushrooms, as the humidity in the air is high.
  • Maintain 25-30C temperature in the Oyster Mushroom cropping rooms.
  • Spray Melathion 0.01% and Chlorothalonil on surfaces @ 0.05% at weekly intervals for the control of insects and moulds, respectively.
  • If additional huts / rooms are available – prepare for one more crop of Oyster Mushroom.
  • Construct huts for white button mushroom.
  • Collect the raw materials for compost production and start wetting in the last week of September.
  • Book spawn for white button mushroom crop.
     
  • CROP ADVISORY AUGUST 2021

  • Spray less water on the beds of oyster and milky mushrooms, as the humidity is high in the atmosphere. Provide sufficient aeration in Oyster mushroom crop.
  • Lower down the temperature in the oyster mushroom hut if it is higher than 30C.
  • Put UV fly catcher at height of 5 ft. for the management of mushroom flies in the cropping rooms.
  • Spray Melathion @ 0.01% on walls of mushroom house and chlorothalonil @ 0.05% in and around mushroom house at weekly intervals for the control of insects and moulds.
  • If additional huts/rooms are available – prepare for one more crop of oyster and milky mushroom.
  • Keep hygiene in and around mushroom growing area. Clean the racks and mushroom growing room after termination of the crop and treat with 2% formalin solution. Keep the doors and windows closed for 24 hours after the formalin treatment.
  • CROP ADVISORY JULY 2021

  • Construct new huts for the cultivation of oyster and milky mushrooms.
  • Spawning has to be done for high temperature Oyster mushroom species and milky mushroom.
  • Maintain requisite temperature i.e. 30-35C for Milky and 25-30C for Oyster mushroom  and relative humidity i.e. 85-90% in the cropping room for better crop.
  • Prepare casing soil for milky mushroom, if spawn run is complete, apply casing on spawn run bags.
  • Punch 2 mm dia holes uniformly all-round the spawn run bags of oyster mushroom and start ventilation for fruiting. Temperature  25-30C and 85-90% RH should be maintained at this stage.
  • It is a optimum season for cultivation of paddy straw mushroom (temperature - 30-35C & RH 85-90%), hence all operations, i.e., bed preparation / spawning, spawn run and good fruiting are feasible during this period.
  • CROP ADVISORY JUNE 2021

  • Maintain relative humidity of 85-90% in the growing rooms if cultivating oyster mushroom.
  • Harvest Oyster Mushroom crop before water spray and always introduce fresh air after water spray for 1 hour.
  • Maintain room temperature as per the specific requirement of oyster mushroom species.
  • Spray Chlorothalonil (0.05%) and Deltamethrin (0.01) on the walls and floor for the control of competitors and flies respectively in oyster mushroom growing rooms.
  • If oyster mushroom crop is terminating in this month, then clean the rooms, spray 2% formaldehyde and keep the rooms closed for 1-2 days.  Milky mushroom can now be cultivated in these rooms.
  • For Milky mushroom keep the bed temperature between 25-30C for spawn run and 28-32C for cropping.
  • In coastal regions, crop of Paddy Straw mushroom can be taken but attention has be given on bed temperature, which should not go beyond 36C.
  • CROP ADVISORY MAY 2021

  • Maintain proper humidity (85-90%) and temperature (22-25C) in the growing rooms if still cultivating Oyster mushroom.
  • Spray chlorothalonil (0.05%) in the growing rooms of oyster mushroom, and Dichlorvos (0.01%) for the control of competitor molds and flies, respectively.
  • If oyster mushroom crop is terminating during this month, then clean the rooms, spray 2% formaldehyde and keep the rooms closed for 1-2 days.  Milky mushroom can now be cultivated in these rooms.
  • If milky mushroom is cultivated, try to keep the air temperature between 25-30C for proper spawn run.
  • Apply casing to the milky mushroom bags if spawn run is complete.
  • Spray water judiciously on floor, walls and on beds to maintain 85-90% RH, otherwise pinhead of milky mushroom will die.
  • In coastal regions, second crop of paddy straw mushroom can be initiated.
     
  • CROP ADVISORY April 2021

  • Maintain 85-90% relative humidity in the growing rooms during the cultivation of oyster mushroom.
  • Always harvest mushroom before water spray. Provide ventilation after spray of water in oyster crop to avoid bacterial blotch.
  • Maintain room temperature as per the specific requirement of oyster mushroom species.
  • Spray Chlorothalonil (0.05%) and Deltamethrin (0.01) for the control of competitors and flies respectively in oyster mushroom house.
  • If oyster mushroom crop is terminating in this month, then clean the rooms, spray 2% formaldehyde and keep the rooms closed for 1-2 days.  Milky mushroom can now be cultivated in these rooms.
  • Milky mushroom: keep the temperature between 25-30C for proper spawn run.
  • In coastal regions, it is the right time to cultivate paddy straw mushroom.
  • CROP ADVISORY March 2021

  • If button mushroom crop is still being produced in seasonal farms, maintain air temperature upto 18C with 85-90% relative humidity.
  • Thoroughly treat the spent mushroom compost of button mushroom with 2% formaldehyde, close all the doors/vents, etc. for 2-3 days and dispose-off far away from the cropping room if the crop was infected with wet bubble/ yellow mould or other competitors.
  • Clean the floor of the cropping rooms and the racks with soap water before using for the next crop.
  • Make preparations for taking oyster mushroom crop following standard procedure – bags to be kept for spawn run at 252C.
  • Open the bags after 15-20 days of spawn run.  Maintain a temperature range of 22-28C with 85-90% RH for fruiting.  It will depend upon the species to be grown.
  • CROP ADVISORY February 2021

  • Temperature may rise beyond 18C after mid of February hence try to maintain it below 18C by frequent spraying of water on floor and side walls of growing rooms during fruiting of button mushroom.
  • Maintain less than 1000 ppm CO2 level inside the cropping rooms of button mushroom during fruiting.
  • Maintain proper hygienic conditions in and around growing rooms / mushroom house.
  • Collect wet bubble infected mushrooms, if any, dip in 2% formalin solution and dispose them in a covered pit away from the mushroom house. Cover the infected areas with common salt.
  • Spray Decis @ 0.02% or Dicofol @ 0.01% on walls of cropping room if flies or mites infection is there in the cropping rooms.
  • Use physical means like yellow light trap if flies are visible.
  • Book oyster mushroom spawn.
  • Dispose of the used compost bags as soon as the crop is over after spraying with 2% formalin if infection of wet bubble / yellow mould is there.
  • CROP ADVISORY January 2021

  • Maintain 16-18C temperature during fruiting in button mushroom growing beds / bags.
  • Give proper ventilation in the cropping rooms to maintain 800-1200 ppm of CO2 during fruiting / pinhead formation and maintain relative humidity of 80-85% in growing rooms for harvesting quality button mushrooms.
  • Ensure proper hygienic conditions in and around growing rooms and spray chlorothalonil @ 0.1% if some mould infection is there.
  • Spray Decis @ 0.02% on walls if flies are visible.
  • If wet bubble infected mushrooms are visible, collect them at an early stage, dip in 2% formalin solution and dispose off them in a covered pit away from the mushroom house and cover the infected area with common salt.
  • CROP ADVISORY December 2020

  • Spray Chlorothalonil @ 0.05% if any growth of competitors mould is visible on the button
  • mushroom beds during flush break.
  • Spray Decis @ 0.1% if infection of flies is there on walls and surrounding areas.
  • Maintain 16-18C and 23-24C temperature during fruiting and spawn run, respectively
  • and 80-85% RH inside the growing rooms of button mushroom.
  • Give ventilation in the cropping rooms to maintain 1000-1500 ppm CO 2 during
  • fruiting/pinhead formation.
  • Maintain hygienic conditions in and around growing rooms.
  • CROP ADVISORY November 2020

  • Get your compost samples analyzed for moisture, pH and presence of ammonia, if any, before spawning.
  • Maintain proper temperature, humidity and CO2  level inside the growing rooms of button mushroom.
  • Provide proper ventilation in the cropping rooms during fruiting initiation and cropping stages.
  • Spray Chlorothalonil @ 0.05% if any growth of competitor mould is visible on mushroom beds.
  • Maintain proper hygienic conditions in and around mushroom growing rooms.
  • If additional space is available one crop of oyster mushroom can be taken.
  • CROP ADVISORY OCTOBER 2020

  • Check the compost quality parameters viz. pH, moisture and ammonia, if within permissible limits then spawn the compost.
  • Maintain the requisite temperature (22-25C) and RH (80-85%) in the cropping rooms for spawn run of button mushroom.
  • Keep the doors and windows closed for high CO2 level (5000 to 10,000 ppm).
  • Case the beds with pasteurized casing soil and maintain requisite temperature (22-25C) and RH (80-85%) for next 7-8 days.
  • If rooms are available one crop of oyster mushroom can also be taken.

 

    CROP ADVISORY SEPTEMBER 2020

  • Spray less water on the beds of oyster and milky mushrooms, as the humidity in the air is high in the atmosphere.
  • Maintain 25-30C temperature in the oyster mushrooms.
  • Spray Melathion 0.01% and Chlorothalonil on surfaces @ 0.05% at weekly intervals for the control of insects and moulds, respectively.
  • If additional huts / rooms are available – prepare for one more crop of Oyster mushroom.
  • Construct huts for white button mushroom.
  • Collect the raw materials for compost production and start wetting in the last week of September.
  • Book spawn for white button mushroom crop.
  • CROP ADVISORY AUGUST 2020

  • Spray less water on the beds of oyster and milky mushrooms, as the humidity is high in the atmosphere. Provide sufficient aeration in Oyster mushroom crop.
  • Lower down the temperature in the oyster mushroom hut if it is higher than 30C.
  • Put UV fly catcher at height of 5 ft. for the management of mushroom flies in the cropping rooms.
  • Spray Melathion @ 0.01% on walls of mushroom house and chlorothalonil @ 0.05% in and around mushroom house at weekly intervals for the control of insects and moulds.
  • If additional huts / rooms are available – prepare for one more crop of oyster and milky mushroom.
  • Keep hygiene in and around mushroom growing area.
  • Clean the racks and mushroom growing room after termination of the crop and treat with 2% formalin solution. Keep the doors and windows closed for 24 hours after the formalin treatment.
  • CROP ADVISORY 12.05.2020

  • As the Govt. of India has given relaxation to carry out various agricultural activities in the country during lock down because of pandemic COVID-19, the mushroom growers are advised to keep the following points in their mind while taking up the mushroom cultivation:
  • As the growers might have procured the raw material, store it properly protecting from untimely rains.
  • Take up mushroom cultivation on a small scale / phased manner so that there is no problem in the sale of the produce in the local areas.
  • Workers must use masks and sanitizers while carrying out the various activities in the mushroom growing areas by maintaining the social distance as per the guidelines of the local administration to avoid the danger of spreading COVID-19.
  • Use the freshly prepared/procured mushroom spawn as the old spawn may not give good yield and there will be chances of loss due to failure of the crop.
  • Create awareness among the consumers about the nutritional and medicinal value of the mushroom as it is a complete food so that the growers do not face any problem in the sale of their produce.
  • During the break, treat empty growing mushroom rooms with disinfectant.
  • Dispose off SMS properly in the pits away from the farm for maintaining proper hygiene and sanitation in and around the farm.
  • Along with fresh mushroom, the growers can also sell the prepared products like pickle already prepared by them during lock down.
  • Use WhatsApp and other social networking sites, ICAR-MUSHROOM APP for getting information from ICAR-DMR, Solan experts on various aspects of mushroom cultivation. Further, the information on mushroom cultivation may also be retrieved by logging https://dmrsolan.icar.gov.in .
  •  

    CROP ADVISORY 04.05.2020

    Keeping in view of the lockdown in the country because of pandemic COVID-19, the mushroom growers should keep the following crop advisory in mind:

  • Procure / preserve raw materials like wheat straw, mustard straw, paddy straw, chicken manure etc. to be used for mushroom cultivation in the coming months.
  • Prepare / procure the mushroom spawn as per the requirement so that the cultivation of different mushrooms is taken up at the earliest to bridge the gap because of lock down in the country due to COVID-19.
  • Preserve the dried mushroom in air tight containers at cool and dry place to avoid spoilage as it may be used for preparation of various value added products after converting into powder.
  • Prepare mushroom pickle if facing problem in marketing of button, oyster and milky mushroom as pickle can be preserved for 6 months without any spoilage. The growers can earn better returns from high value low volume value added products compared to fresh mushroom which is having very short shelf life.
  • The white button mushroom can also be stored in a steeping solution (15% salt + 0.5% citric acid + 0.075% sodium benzoate) after washing, sorting, cutting and blanching. It is to be stored in good quality big containers for its use in various purposes in future.
  • The mushroom growers may use WhatsApp and other social networking sites, ICAR-MUSHROOM App for getting information from ICAR-DMR, Solan experts on various aspects of mushroom cultivation. Further, the information on mushroom cultivation may also be retrieved by logging https://dmrsolan.icar.gov.in.
  • In the big mushroom units, the growers may use the sensors for controlling and monitoring various factors like temperature, humidity, air flow etc. from their residences.
  •  

 
 
Best viewed in 1024x768 resolution
Feedback

 

© Copyright Directorate of Mushroom Research. All rights reserved
Site Designed and Maintained by Deepak Sharma, AKMU
Disclaimer: No liability what so ever will be accepted for the use of information contained in this web site.
Last Update : Wednesday, November 24, 2021